1994 Lower House reform adopts Bundestag features of single seat constituencies plus party list multi seat constituencies
1993 LDP loses Lower House majority and the unwieldy 8 party Hosokawa Coalition Cabinet launched but quickly fails



giin hosei kyoku Upper and Lower House Legislation Bureaux for the drafting of Private Members' Bills and their amending of Cabinet Bills
PM Prime Minister the PM voted by the Lower House nominates a cabinet cf giin naikakusei
Westminster Democracy (i) representative government giin naikakusei Lower House confidence in the PM checks executive cf partial fusion of powers

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