CHRONOLOGY

1994

Lower House reform adopts Bundestag features of single seat constituencies plus party list multi seat constituencies

1993

LDP loses Lower House majority and the unwieldy 8 party Hosokawa Coalition Cabinet launched but quickly fails

 

GLOSSARY

giin hosei kyoku

Upper and Lower House Legislation Bureaux

for the drafting of Private Members' Bills and their amending of Cabinet Bills

PM

Prime Minister

the PM voted by the Lower House nominates a cabinet cf giin naikakusei

Westminster Democracy (i)

representative government giin naikakusei

Lower House confidence in the PM checks executive cf partial fusion of powers

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