CHRONOLOGY

1867

Tokugawa Bakufu in collapse Meiji Restoration staged by modernising samurai Edo renamed Tokyo 1868

 

GLOSSARY

Meiji Era

enlightened government era name 1868 - 1912 nengo

world unparalleled socioeconomic modernisation from an unpromising start

aristocrats

peerage created in Meiji Era for an Upper House

peerage abolished and wealth extinguished by GHQ + bureaucrats in alliance

ainu

aboriginal inhabitants of Northern Japan

were subjugated in Honshu historically in Hokkaido during early Meiji

Alteuropa

old Europe of regime perpetuation

society as a family economy as a government enterprise cf Cameralism, Meiji

Diet

Parliament

Imperial Diet of the Prussian Meiji Constitution 1889 with Ito defeating Okuma

entrepĂ´t

chukan boeki

historical function of Okinawa killed by Meiji annexation cf yamatonchu

Europe

Leaving Asia datsuaron of Yukichi Fukuzawa

a Meiji Era push to adopt socioeconomic models principally from Europe

fukoku kyohei

wealthy country strong army

Meiji policy adopted by Hirobumi Ito from Bismarck's Blut und Eisen policy

fukushi

welfare

Meiji policy of Bismarckian worker welfare also to pre-empt Socialism

Fukuzawa

Yukichi Fukuzawa 1835 - 1901

on JPY10,000 notes founder of Keio University an important Meiji intellectual

hakuraihin

goods arrived by boat

foreign goods Meiji parlance foreign therefore better but now anachronistic

Honda

Toshiaki Honda 1744 - 1821

Edo Period economist advisor to Shogun with an advance outlining of Meiji policy

Ito

Hirobumi Ito 1841 - 1909

Meiji authoritarian promoting the Prussian model against the British vs Okuma

Kobe

major port city in Kansai

quite large Meiji Period foreign settlement area parallelling Yokohama in Kanto

manshu

Manchuria

second post Edo economic plan first being Meiji cf geopolitics, Listianism

Okuma

Shigenobu Okuma 1838 - 1922

liberal Meiji figure promoted British model against the Prussian vs Ito

shakai fukushi

social welfare

the Meiji Establishment's great fear of socialism ensured its early adoption

shoki

early initial

as shokigan early stage cancer, meiji no shoki ni in early Meiji

Sumitomo founder

Masatomo Sumitomo 1585 - 1652

starting in copper smelting there was great expansion in the Meiji Era cf zaibatsu

wagahai wa neko de aru

I am a cat title of Soseki Natsume novel 1905

mocking locution for a domestic cat in a satirical novel of Meiji Period Japan

yatoware

employed

as yatoware gaijin hired foreigners as technical experts in early and mid Meiji

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