Nobusuke Kishi transfers to Manchuria and starts drafting a 'Manchuria I Plan' based on a German 1920s Model


Okuma vs Ito clash on merits of the British vs Prussian Model and a Prussian constitution promulgated in 1889


Toshiaki Honda publishes 'Secret Proposals on Political Economy' Japan should copy the English Trade Model


Great Reform 'taika' elevates Yamato kings to emperors on a centralising Chinese 'Decree of Heaven' model



Manchuria I Plan

forced industrialisation on Germany + USSR Model

Nobusuke Kishi drafted the Manchuria Five Year Plan 1939 - 1943 cf toseiha

Mizuho FG

other megabanks followed HSBC four letter model

scrappy three way origin has led to its serial cases of nomenclative challenge

railway gauge (vi)

nationalisation was on the Prussian Model in 1906

without budget a regauging did not occur until the very different Shinkansen

Swedish Pension Models

Model I 1913 Model II 1946 Model III 1999

WPI renamed Employee Pension Insurance moves to Model II in the 1960s cf EPI


model exemplar

as warui tehon bad example, yoi tehon good example vs handobukku


universal banking

post War German banking model adopted by Japan as was in the mid 1980s


European currency unit

the basket, the snake convergence, EMU project etc an Acu model cf Acu, Euro


Independent Administrative Institute

UK public agency model for FILP Reform process cf dokuritsu gyosei hojin


Hirobumi Ito 1841 - 1909

Meiji authoritarian promoting the Prussian model against the British vs Okuma

keitai denwa

mobile phone cell phone

often Galapagos model without a smart phone touch screen vs sumaho cf garake


Shigenobu Okuma 1838 - 1922

liberal Meiji figure promoted British model against the Prussian vs Ito cf garake

Pension Records Scandal (ii)

Abe Cabinet I promised action without any effect

the political momentum for a move to Sweden Pension Model III was not exploited


saving banks

a German model for keito banking systems cf Raiffeisen, Schulze-Delitzsch

stakeholder value

non Anglo Saxon corporate governance

ex UK European + East Asian social solidarity model vs shareholder value cf garake


Civil Code public interest entity foundation

German endowment vehicle legal model for zaidanhojin cf Stichting

TFB (i) 1885 - 1942

Trust Fund Bureau shikin unyobu

originally set up on UK Post Office Model to manage PO Savings in bonds


Postal Services Corporation PSC

listed as Japan Post in a staged privatisation following the NTT model cf NTT


Zaikei Type Personal Pension

ZTPP model in Japanese-style 401(k) product debate cf kakutei kyoshutsu

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