1905 Railway concession in Manchuria leads to trade penetration weakly independent Korea occupied piecemeal



railway gauge (i) tetsudo kikan gauge in feet and inches 2ft 6 light railway 3ft 6 JNR/JR 4ft 6 horse tram 4ft 8.5 Shinkansen
railway gauge (ii) tetsudo kikan gauge in mm 762 light railway 1,067 JNR/JR 1,372 horse tram 1,435 Shinkansen
railway gauge (iii) a gauge chosen epitomises path dependency a job lot of 3ft 6 equipment for Ceylon happened to have been rerouted to Japan
railway gauge (iv) the job lot decided the first major line as 3ft 6 in 1872 the army wanted a regauging to 4ft 8.5 for capacity and promoted nationalisation
railway gauge (v) a railway to every rice paddy! satirical 2ft 6/3ft 6 or 4ft 8.5 rural versus urban + military conflict over railway budget
railway gauge (vi) nationalisation was on the Prussian Model in 1906 without budget a regauging did not occur until the very different Shinkansen
Breitspurbahn German 3m super broad gauge railway 1940s diesel electric network plan for the new Europe cf dangan ressha
nankai dentetsu jiken Nankai Electric Railway Incident a socially complicated stock cornering damaging foreign brokers in the 1980s
toei chikatetsu Tokyo Metropolis managed underground railway underground railway system managed as a Tokyo LAME vs Tokyo Metro
bunkiten diverging point forking point as soneki bunkiten break even point, tetsudo bunkiten railway junction
chika underground as chikasui groundwater, koei chikatetsu municipal underground railway
Fukuoka leading city in Kyushu classically Hakata Fukuoka main railway station confusingly also named Hakata
kani simple convenient as kani seimei hoken easy life assurance, kani tetsudo 2ft 6 gauge light railway
motorways a motorway to every rice paddy! satirical rural versus urban + military railway budget dispute revisited cf railway gauge
path dependency Thomas Hughes 1923 - 2014 technological momentum entrenches a selected technology cf railway gauge

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