2003 Banking Crisis contained under BoJ + FSA co-operation and Takenaka manages the IMF FSAP successfully
1992 Auditors' reservations on banking NPLs reportedly indicated 'inappropriate' by MoF given roll forward scheme
1927 Showa Financial Crisis banking regulation moves from BoJ to MoF and MoF's 'convoy system' launched



banking crisis resolution cost being 5 GDP percent or more much FSA study of classic Nordic Two cf Finland, Sweden, sakinobashi
Private Banking puraibeto bankingu being guided by NTA into the on shore retail version only cf tax policy, mainanba
Allfinanz universal banking post War German banking model adopted by Japan as was in the mid 1980s
bancassurance banking + assurance Continental European pattern of universal banking Allfinanz cf Allfinanz
Finland classic banking crisis of early 1990s crystallised NPLs 15 GDP percent and 20 loan book percent cf Sweden
keito tiered banking system from 19th cent German co-operative ideas cf Raiffeisen, Schulze-Delitzsch
Sweden classic banking crisis of early 1990s crystallised NPLs 10 GDP percent and 20 loan book percent cf Finland
Aozora Bank blue skies bank previously Nippon Credit Bank NCB improbable banking name via Bank of Korea, Nippon Fudosan Bank and NCB
Bank of Tokyo successor bank to Yokohama Specie Bank swept up into the now megabank MUFG as the banking arm BTMU
chigin First and Second Regional Banks kanji abbreviation for second banking tier of regional system members
chiginkyo First Regional Banks Association works actively to restrict megabank encroachment on regional banking
gaikadate foreign currency denominated often problem holding with forex risk, forex settlement and banking complications
HNWIs High Net Worth Individuals slightly objectionable acronym for private banking target market individuals
JETRO Japan External Trade Organisation overseas cover for NTA once used to study private banking in Zurich/New York
kyusai gappei rescue merger a notably long and established history in regional banking for floundering banks
Mitsui founder Takatoshi Mitsui 1622 - 1694 revolutionised Edo Period retailing and entered into banking and finance
Norinchukin Raiffeisen style tiered keito umbrella bank tiered banking levels cf Shinnoren, Nokyo, JA, keito
overbanked excessive number of banks MoF post War protection of banking industry consequence cf gososendan
overloan lending exceeding funding obaron banking practice in the extreme form of virtually nil funding in Manchuria I Plan
shingyoren Fishery Co-operative Credit Federation intermediate umbrella body for a minor keito banking system marginal
shinnoren Agricultural Co-operative Credit Federation intermediate umbrella body for important nokyo keito banking system
Sparkassen saving banks a German model for keito banking systems cf Raiffeisen, Schulze-Delitzsch
yoko narabi lining up by the right all the same terms with prior banking protected all players offered the identical terms cf gososendan

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