GLOSSARY

gojuon

kstnhmyrw/aiueo combinations + final n

fifty sounds the kana syllabary matrix 9 x 5 + 1 basis of kunreishiki cf kunreishiki

n isolated consonant

final 1 entry of the 9 x 5 +1 gojuon kana matrix

the gojuon syllabary has an isolated n with no vowel following and it is nasalised

a

first vowel in aiueo order

pure vowel as in Italian not diphthong as in English cf Hepburn, gojuon

a

kstnhmyrw permitted combinations

ka sa ta na ha ma ya ra wa lengthened as aa, ah, a- etc cf Hepburn, gojuon

b

fifth consonant in kstnhmyrw order

h voiced b cf Hepburn, gojuon

b

aiueo/yayuyo permitted combinations

ba bi bu be bo biya (bya) biyu (byu) biyo (byo) cf Hepburn, gojuon

c

third consonant in kstnhmyrw order

t in combination with i ti (chi) cf Hepburn, gojuon

c

aiueo/yayuyo permitted combinations

chiya (cha) chiyu (chu) chiyo (cho) cf Hepburn, gojuon

d

third consonant in kstnhmyrw order

t voiced d cf Hepburn, gojuon

d

aiueo/yayuyo permitted combinations

da de do cf Hepburn, gojuon

e

fourth vowel in aiueo order

pure vowel as in Italian not diphthong as in English cf Hepburn, gojuon

e

kstnhmyrw permitted combinations

ke se te ne he me re lengthened as ei, ee, eh, e- etc cf Hepburn, gojuon

f

fifth consonant in kstnhmyrw order

h in combination with u hu (fu) cf Hepburn, gojuon

f

aiueo/yayuyo permitted combinations

for gairaigo fua (fa) fui (fi) fu fue (fe) fuo (fo) cf Hepburn, gojuon

g

first consonant in kstnhmyrw order

k voiced g cf Hepburn, gojuon

g

aiueo/yayuyo permitted combinations

ga gi gu ge go giya (gya) giyu (gyu) giyo (gyo) cf Hepburn, gojuon

h

fifth consonant in kstnhmyrw order

h cf Hepburn, gojuon

i

second vowel in aiueo order

pure vowel as in Italian not diphthong as in English cf Hepburn, gojuon

i

kstnhmyrw permitted combinations

ki si (shi) ti (chi) ni hi mi ri lengthened as ii, ih, i- etc cf Hepburn, gojuon

j

second consonant in kstnhmyrw order

s in combination with i si (shi) voiced ji cf Hepburn, gojuon

j

aiueo/yayuyo permitted combinations

jiya (ja) jiyu (ju) jiyo (jo) cf Hepburn, gojuon

k

first consonant in kstnhmyrw order

k cf Hepburn, gojuon

k

aiueo/yayuyo permitted combinations

ka ki ku ke ko kiya (kya) kiyu (kyu) kiyo (kyo) cf Hepburn, gojuon

kana

kana syllabary letters

cursive hiragana and square katakana in the gojuon matrix cf gojuon, kanamajiri

l

redundant letter l always transliterated r

r that has l characteristics difficult for Occidentals cf Hepburn, gojuon

l

aiueo/yayuyo permitted combinations

not a recognised sound none cf Hepburn, gojuon

m

sixth consonant in kstnhmyrw order

m cf Hepburn, gojuon

m

aiueo/yayuyo permitted combinations

ma mi mu me mo miya (mya) miyu (myu) miyo (myo) cf Hepburn, gojuon

n

fourth consonant in kstnhmyrw order

conventional consonant n and isolated consonant n cf Hepburn, gojuon

n conventional consonant

aiueo/yayuyo permitted combinations

na ni nu ne no niya (nya) niyu (nyu) niyo (nyo) cf Hepburn, gojuon

o

fifth vowel in aiueo order

pure vowel as in Italian not diphthong as in English cf Hepburn, gojuon

o

kstnhmyrw permitted combinations

ko so to no ho mo yo ro lengthened as oo, ou, oh, o- etc cf Hepburn, gojuon

p

fifth consonant in kstnhmyrw order

h plosivised p cf Hepburn, gojuon

p

aiueo/yayuyo permitted combinations

pa pi pu pe po piya (pya) piyu (pyu) piyo (pyo) cf Hepburn, gojuon

q

redundant letter

transliterated variously cf Hepburn, gojuon

q

aiueo/yayuyo permitted combinations

not a recognised sound none cf Hepburn, gojuon

r

eighth consonant in kstnhmyrw order

r has l characteristics difficult for Occidentals cf Hepburn, gojuon

r

aiueo/yayuyo permitted combinations

ra ri ru re ro riya (rya) riyu (ryu) riyo (ryo) cf Hepburn, gojuon

s

second consonant in kstnhmyrw order

s cf Hepburn, gojuon

s

aiueo/yayuyo permitted combinations

sa si (shi) su se so shiya (sha) shiyu (shu) shiyo (sho) cf Hepburn, gojuon

t

third consonant in kstnhmyrw order

t cf Hepburn, gojuon

t

aiueo/yayuyo permitted combinations

ta ti (chi) tu (tsu) te to chiya (cha) chiyu (chu) chiyo (cho) cf Hepburn, gojuon

u

third vowel in aiueo order

pure vowel as in Italian not diphthong as in English cf Hepburn, gojuon

v

redundant letter v transliterated b

irregularly transliterated voiced u to retain the v distinction cf Hepburn, gojuon

v

aiueo/yayuyo permitted combinations

not a recognised sound none cf Hepburn, gojuon

w

ninth consonant in kstnhmyrw order

w cf Hepburn, gojuon

w

aiueo/yayuyo combinations

wa but wo only as the postposition wo (o) cf Hepburn, gojuon

x

redundant letter x transliterated variously

initially z medially and finally kusu etc cf Hepburn, gojuon

x

aiueo/yayuyo permitted combinations

not a recognised sound none cf Hepburn, gojuon

y

seventh consonant in kstnhmyrw order

y cf Hepburn, gojuon

y

aiueo permitted combinations

ya yu yo cf Hepburn, gojuon

z

second consonant in kstnhmyrw order

s voiced z cf Hepburn, gojuon

z

aiueo/yayuyo permitted combinations

za zi (ji) zu ze zo cf Hepburn, gojuon

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