GLOSSARY

gojuon kstnhmyrw/aiueo combinations + final n fifty sounds the kana syllabary matrix 9 x 5 + 1 basis of kunreishiki cf kunreishiki
n isolated consonant final 1 entry of the 9 x 5 +1 gojuon kana matrix the gojuon syllabary has an isolated n with no vowel following and it is nasalised
a first vowel in aiueo order pure vowel as in Italian not diphthong as in English cf Hepburn, gojuon
a kstnhmyrw permitted combinations ka sa ta na ha ma ya ra wa lengthened as aa, ah, a- etc cf Hepburn, gojuon
b fifth consonant in kstnhmyrw order h voiced b cf Hepburn, gojuon
b aiueo/yayuyo permitted combinations ba bi bu be bo biya (bya) biyu (byu) biyo (byo) cf Hepburn, gojuon
c third consonant in kstnhmyrw order t in combination with i ti (chi) cf Hepburn, gojuon
c aiueo/yayuyo permitted combinations chiya (cha) chiyu (chu) chiyo (cho) cf Hepburn, gojuon
d third consonant in kstnhmyrw order t voiced d cf Hepburn, gojuon
d aiueo/yayuyo permitted combinations da de do cf Hepburn, gojuon
e fourth vowel in aiueo order pure vowel as in Italian not diphthong as in English cf Hepburn, gojuon
e kstnhmyrw permitted combinations ke se te ne he me re lengthened as ei, ee, eh, e- etc cf Hepburn, gojuon
f fifth consonant in kstnhmyrw order h in combination with u hu (fu) cf Hepburn, gojuon
f aiueo/yayuyo permitted combinations for gairaigo fua (fa) fui (fi) fu fue (fe) fuo (fo) cf Hepburn, gojuon
g first consonant in kstnhmyrw order k voiced g cf Hepburn, gojuon
g aiueo/yayuyo permitted combinations ga gi gu ge go giya (gya) giyu (gyu) giyo (gyo) cf Hepburn, gojuon
h fifth consonant in kstnhmyrw order h cf Hepburn, gojuon
i second vowel in aiueo order pure vowel as in Italian not diphthong as in English cf Hepburn, gojuon
i kstnhmyrw permitted combinations ki si (shi) ti (chi) ni hi mi ri lengthened as ii, ih, i- etc cf Hepburn, gojuon
j second consonant in kstnhmyrw order s in combination with i si (shi) voiced ji cf Hepburn, gojuon
j aiueo/yayuyo permitted combinations jiya (ja) jiyu (ju) jiyo (jo) cf Hepburn, gojuon
k first consonant in kstnhmyrw order k cf Hepburn, gojuon
k aiueo/yayuyo permitted combinations ka ki ku ke ko kiya (kya) kiyu (kyu) kiyo (kyo) cf Hepburn, gojuon
kana kana syllabary letters cursive hiragana and square katakana in the gojuon matrix cf gojuon, kanamajiri
l redundant letter l always transliterated r r that has l characteristics difficult for Occidentals cf Hepburn, gojuon
l aiueo/yayuyo permitted combinations not a recognised sound none cf Hepburn, gojuon
m sixth consonant in kstnhmyrw order m cf Hepburn, gojuon
m aiueo/yayuyo permitted combinations ma mi mu me mo miya (mya) miyu (myu) miyo (myo) cf Hepburn, gojuon
n fourth consonant in kstnhmyrw order conventional consonant n and isolated consonant n cf Hepburn, gojuon
n conventional consonant aiueo/yayuyo permitted combinations na ni nu ne no niya (nya) niyu (nyu) niyo (nyo) cf Hepburn, gojuon
o fifth vowel in aiueo order pure vowel as in Italian not diphthong as in English cf Hepburn, gojuon
o kstnhmyrw permitted combinations ko so to no ho mo yo ro lengthened as oo, ou, oh, o- etc cf Hepburn, gojuon
p fifth consonant in kstnhmyrw order h plosivised p cf Hepburn, gojuon
p aiueo/yayuyo permitted combinations pa pi pu pe po piya (pya) piyu (pyu) piyo (pyo) cf Hepburn, gojuon
q redundant letter transliterated variously cf Hepburn, gojuon
q aiueo/yayuyo permitted combinations not a recognised sound none cf Hepburn, gojuon
r eighth consonant in kstnhmyrw order r has l characteristics difficult for Occidentals cf Hepburn, gojuon
r aiueo/yayuyo permitted combinations ra ri ru re ro riya (rya) riyu (ryu) riyo (ryo) cf Hepburn, gojuon
s second consonant in kstnhmyrw order s cf Hepburn, gojuon
s aiueo/yayuyo permitted combinations sa si (shi) su se so shiya (sha) shiyu (shu) shiyo (sho) cf Hepburn, gojuon
t third consonant in kstnhmyrw order t cf Hepburn, gojuon
t aiueo/yayuyo permitted combinations ta ti (chi) tu (tsu) te to chiya (cha) chiyu (chu) chiyo (cho) cf Hepburn, gojuon
u third vowel in aiueo order pure vowel as in Italian not diphthong as in English cf Hepburn, gojuon
v redundant letter v transliterated b irregularly transliterated voiced u to retain the v distinction cf Hepburn, gojuon
v aiueo/yayuyo permitted combinations not a recognised sound none cf Hepburn, gojuon
w ninth consonant in kstnhmyrw order w cf Hepburn, gojuon
w aiueo/yayuyo combinations wa but wo only as the postposition wo (o) cf Hepburn, gojuon
x redundant letter x transliterated variously initially z medially and finally kusu etc cf Hepburn, gojuon
x aiueo/yayuyo permitted combinations not a recognised sound none cf Hepburn, gojuon
y seventh consonant in kstnhmyrw order y cf Hepburn, gojuon
y aiueo permitted combinations ya yu yo cf Hepburn, gojuon
z second consonant in kstnhmyrw order s voiced z cf Hepburn, gojuon
z aiueo/yayuyo permitted combinations za zi (ji) zu ze zo cf Hepburn, gojuon

Back to Top