CHRONOLOGY

1868

Meiji Era 1868 - 1912 modernisation railways 1872 constitutional government 1890 commercial code 1899 etc

 

GLOSSARY

railways

as for Germany a key element of industrialisation

Tokyo Yokohama line 1872 was a demonstration of industrialisation benefits

JR Japan Railways (i)

7 JR successor companies to JNR created in 1987

JR companies put into staged privatisation cf JNR Settlement, NTT, yuseikosha

JR Japan Railways (ii)

Honshu + Kyushu 4 passenger networks fully privatised

JR East 2002, JR West 2004, JR Central 2006 and JR Kyushu 2016

JR Japan Railways (iii)

other 3 networks have severe profitability problems

JR Hokkaido, JR Shikoku and JR Freight require further rationalisation

railways List

List publication on railways Die Welt bewegt sich 1837

he was the leading promoter of railways in Germany and indirectly in Russia

railways PWE

with motorways strong PWE attractions

large budget justifiable transport networks perennial disputes cf zokugiin

JNR Settlement

scheme to settle Japan National Railways problem

7 JR successor companies created 1987 with clean balance sheets cf shokei saimu

chiho koeikigyo

Local Authority Municipal Enterprises LAMEs

drinking + industrial water, hospitals, sewerage, underground railways etc

LAMEs

Local Authority Municipal Enterprises

drinking + industrial water, hospitals, sewerage, underground railways etc

Shinkansen

new main line passenger only 4ft 8.5 trunk routes

1930s plan being realised from 1960s cf dangan ressha, Breitspurbahn, railways

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