1905 Railway concession in Manchuria leads to trade penetration weakly independent Korea occupied piecemeal
1798 Toshiaki Honda publishes 'Secret Proposals on Political Economy' Japan should copy the English Trade Model
1635 Foreign trade restricted to Nagasaki, country closed sakoku daimyo made subject to control by 'alternate residence'



Fair Trade Commission FTC kosei torihiki iinkai occasionally slaps wrists for yet another price fixing performance cf dango
FTC Fair Trade Commission competition regulator kosei torihiki iinkai a Cabinet Office External Agency for Anti Monopoly Act enforcement purposes
gaitameho Foreign Trade and Forex Act maintaining information control for tax policy and forex emergency purposes
gyokaishi trade journal banking, pharmaceuticals, securities etc industry newspaper mildly derogatory
JETRO Japan External Trade Organisation overseas cover for NTA once used to study private banking in Zurich/New York
keizaisangyosho keisansho Ministry of Economy Trade and Industry METI MITI and EPA loss of power via Hashimoto Reform etc a warning to MoF
kosei torihiki iinkai Fair Trade Commission rote regulation and slaps wrists for the common run of price fixing cf dango
METI keisansho Ministry of Economy Trade and Industry MITI/METI switch meant a major loss of power offering a strong warning to MoF
norenwake sharing trade name Edo Period paying off apprentices with trade name a distant form of MBOs
casualisation a generalised globalisation impact on employment absolute advantage of trade hollowing out employment cf globalisation, pato
gyosha those in the particular business as gyoshakan torihiki dealing between those in the trade mildly derogatory
Hakodate port city of South Hokkaido major entrepot for the old Russia trade extremely attractive townscape
JAS Japan Agricultural Standard a well used pattern of non tariff trade barriers for barrier sake cf JIS
JIS Japan Industrial Standard well used pattern of non tariff trade barriers for barrier's sake cf JAS, PDC
JSDA Japan Securities Dealers Association securities houses trade association launched the OTC market 1963 cf JASDAQ
Maekawa Report commissioned by the Nakasone Cabinet to plot a course away from the mid 1980s trade friction in a structured fashion
Mercantilism immediately post feudal economics objective is a surplus in external trade for the Prince as wealth vs Cameralism
nichibenren Japan Federation of Bar Associations all Japan trade association with a progressive orientation founded in 1948
oyobi and in legalese as gaikoku kawase oyobi gaikoku boekiho Foreign Exchange and Trade Act
sogo mutuality reciprocity as sogo ni tasukeau to help each other, sogo boeki mutual trade

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